Tooth sensitivity, also known as dentin hypersensitivity, is a common dental ailment characterized by a sharp, brief pain or discomfort when certain stimuli are applied to the teeth. Hot or cold foods and beverages, sweet or sour products, chilly air, or even brushing and flossing are examples of stimuli. When the dentin, the layer of your tooth underneath the enamel and cementum, becomes exposed, tooth sensitivity occurs. There are multiple causes of tooth sensitivity, and there are several treatments and management options:
Causes of Tooth Sensitivity
Tooth Enamel Wear: Enamel erosion caused by variables such as acidic foods, carbonated drinks, and abrasive toothbrushing can expose dentin.
Receding Gums: Receding gums can expose the tooth’s roots, which are not covered by enamel and are therefore more painful.
Cavities: Cavities can form in your teeth, exposing the dentin and causing discomfort.
Damaged Teeth: Cracked or chipped teeth can allow temperature fluctuations and other stimuli to enter the nerve within the tooth.
Tooth Whitening Products: Using tooth whitening products excessively can cause tooth sensitivity.
Treatment and Management of Tooth Sensitivity
Desensitizing Toothpaste: Use toothpaste designed specifically for sensitive teeth. These toothpastes frequently contain ingredients that assist in inhibiting nerve signals, such as potassium nitrate or strontium chloride.
Fluoride Treatments: Fluoride treatments performed by your dentist can improve tooth enamel and reduce sensitivity.
Dental Sealants: Sealants can be used to protect exposed dentin from further irritation.
Dental Bonding: Your dentist may use bonding cement to cover exposed dentin and shield it from sensitivity in some circumstances.
Gum Grafting: A gum graft treatment can cover exposed roots if gum recession is the culprit.
Dietary Changes: Acidic meals and beverages should be avoided or limited. To avoid enamel degradation, rinse your mouth with water after eating them.
Gentle Oral Care: To avoid further enamel damage, use a soft-bristled toothbrush and adequate brushing and flossing practices.
Avoid Teeth Whitening: If tooth whitening causes sensitivity, stop using it and visit your dentist.
Regular Dental Check-ups: See your dentist for routine check-ups and cleanings to detect and address problems as they arise.
It’s crucial to remember that the therapy for tooth sensitivity will vary depending on the underlying cause, so contact us to discover the best method for your unique case. Tooth sensitivity can be relieved and prevented with early intervention and adequate oral care.